Zoology

YEAR OF ESTABLISHMENT: 1974

The Department of Zoology has started B. Sc Degree (Chemistry, Zoology and Botany) General Course in 1974 to cater the needs of the students. Zoology Honours was introduced in the Academic session of 1993-1994. Since then the department of zoology had succeeded in producing good results even with minimum facilities. The two pioneers of the Department and teachers who have served as HODs are worthy of reminiscence for their contribution of education and thus uplifting the lives of the society:

  1. Dr. Parimal Kanti Das, Associate Professor (1974-2006) & HOD (1974-2003)
  2. Smt. Phulborn Tissow, Associate Professor (1975-2007) & HOD (2004-2007)
  3. Smt. Chire Nora K. Sangma, Associate Professor (1980-83 & 1986-2014) & HOD (2007-2013). 
  4. Smt. Belibon W. Momin, Associate (1987-2015), Associate Professor & HOD (2013-2015). 

Several teachers have rendered their service in this department for many years: Late Mr. Lovelystar Lyndoh (1996-1997), Mr. D. K. B. Mukhim (1994-1996), Smt. Icydora Nongthraw (1994-1998) and Smt Margrisha Lyngwah (1993-20115). 
 
At present the department is headed by Dr. Meena A. Sangma, Associate Professor (6th Nov 1993) & HOD from 2015 till date. Her qualifications are M.Sc in Zoology with specialization in Parasitology and Ph.D. degree received for her research work on “Faunal diversity of Tura Peak, Garo Hills, Meghalaya with special reference to Vertebrate species”. She has published 5 papers in National Journals and International journals during 2014-2015.

The department has qualified teachers:

  1. Smt Verlia Simche G. Momin, Senior Lecturer (31st May 2001), M.Sc in Zoology with Specialization in Endocrinology and reproductive Physiology.
  2. Shree Taseng K. Marak, Senior Lecturer (September 25th 2006), M.Sc in Zoology with Specialization in Entomology
  3. Smt Grimchi T. Sangma, Lecturer (6th June 2016), M.Sc in Zoology; Specialization in Molecular cell biology & Immunology and NET. She is a Research Scholar working on “Assessment of toxicological and mutagenic effects of selected smokeless tobaccos in albino mice”.
  4. Smt Cordelia Pearly Warbah, Lecturer (8th June 2016), M.Sc in Zoology with Specialization in Entomology.
  5. Dr. Silme D. Shira, Lecturer (1st October 2018), M.Sc in Zoology with Specialization in Entomology NET. She has received Ph.D. degree on Diversity of Butterflies of Balpakram National Park and Nokrek Biosphere Reserve of Meghalaya, Northeast India.
  6. Dr. Jane Wanry Shangpliang 
  7. Date of Joining: 1st October 2018 

The Annual examination system in degree course was conducted from 1974 till 2017 as per NEHU guidelines. Semester system was introduced for Degree Science from Academic session 2015 as per NEHU Guidelines.

For constructive teaching Black boards, white boards and modern technology like LCD projectors are used and thus Teachers acquire adequate time required to deliver lecture for the class. For effective learning Students are encouraged to present seminars to inculcate confidence and personal development. The teachers take keen interest to update the latest editions of literature in order to help compete with the rest of the students from the Nation. Their wisdom and knowledge of understanding is tested by conducting the internal tests every month. After evaluation proper guidance for the students as per their performances are given by the Teachers.
The teachers are also involved in all the extracurricular activities whenever the need arises.

SEMESTER COURSE CODE COURSE OUTCOME
I ZOO IA
  • CO 1. Introduction of Systematics to Impart Knowledge on Taxonomic Hierarchy, Binomial Nomenclature, Classification from Bacteria to Chromista, Salient Characteristics from Non-Chordates to Chordates.
  • CO 2. Study of Morphology, life-cycle, pathogenecity and prevention of protozoan parasites and helminthes. Morphology and physiology of Sycon, Obelia colony, Leech, Cockroach, Pila and Asterias.
  • CO 4. Salient features of Balanoglossus and Amphioxus. Morphology and physiology of Petromyzon, Labeo and Rabbit.
  • CO 5. Origin of Life, Theories and evidences of evolution.
ZOO IB
  • CO1. To dissect the nervous system and reproductive system of Cockroach.
  • CO2. To dissect the digestive system and afferent branchial system of Channa sp.
  • CO3. Demonstration of dissections of Arterial, digestive and Urinogenital systems of Albino rats/ chicken.
  • CO4. General protocol for preparation of permanent slides.
  • CO5. Permanent slide preparations of Paramecium/ Euglena, Obelia, parapodia of Nereis, Gemmules of Sponge and blood film.
  • CO6. Osteology of Mammalia
  • CO7. Study of Prepared slides of earthworm, Ascaries, Amphioxus and frog/toad.
  • CO8. Study of Museum specimens from non-chordates and chordates.
  • CO9 Study of Fossils
  • CO10. Evidences of evolution through charts and models.
II ZOO 2 A
  • CO1. Study on structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells, Cell organelles and their functions.
  • CO 2. Study on the chemical composition and organization of Euchromatin and heterochromation, Morphology and classification of chromosomes, Study of polytene and lampbrush chromosomes.
  • CO 3. Study of Cell cycle, Cancer cells, types of cancer and carcinogens; Immunity, types of immunity and organs of Immune System.
  • CO 4. Basic concepts of Genetics, Gene Interactions, lethal genes and Chromosomal theory of Inheritance.
  • CO 5. Sex Determination, Linkage, crossing over and chromosomal aberrations.
ZOO 2 B
  • CO1. Study of cell organelles from slides/charts.
  • CO2. Preparation of permanent slides and study of different stages of mitosis in onion root tip.
  • CO3. Preparation and study of different stages of meiosis from Grasshopper testis.
  • CO4. Study of Chromosome types from slides.
  • CO5. Preparation and study of Polytene Chromosomes from Chironomous larva.
  • CO6. Study of Phenotypic variations in a natural population (three characters).
  • CO7. Determination and study of multiple alleles (ABo blood groups) and Rh factor.
III ZOO 3 A
  • CO1. Physiology of digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and vitamins; respiration in vertebrate lungs, composition of blood and types of hearts in vertebrates.
  • CO2. Structure of mammalian kidney and its functions; Ultra structure of skeletal muscles and neurons in relations to their mechanism of functions.
  • CO3. Structure and functions of major endocrine glands and Neuro-endocrine system in insects.
  • CO4. Study of Classifications and significance of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Essential and Non-essential Amino-acids, Glycolysis, TCA cycle and B-Oxidation of fatty acids.
  • CO5. Properties, classification and nomenclature of Enzymes and Nucleic acids.
ZOO 3 B
  • CO1. Preparation of haemin crystals from human blood.
  • CO2. Determination of blood clotting time of human blood.
  • CO 3. Oxygen consumption in fish with reference to body weight.
  • CO 4. Histology of endocrine glands from permanent slides.
  • CO 5. Detection of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.
  • CO 6. Estimation of Ascorbic acid by titration method.
IV ZOO 4 A
  • CO 1. Study of Developmental biology - Gametogenesis to formation of three germinal layers. Metamorphosis in insects and amphibians.
  • CO 2. Study of ecology- concepts, sub-divisions, scope and importance.
  • CO3. To study natural resources and their management; Environmental pollution and their effects.
  • CO4. To study Pisciculture and Sericulture, method of culture, management and its economic importance.
  • CO 5. To study Apiculture, Life history, social organisation, methods of bee-keeping and economic importance. Integrated Pest management.
ZOO 4 B
  • CO1. To study types of vertebrate eggs.
  • CO 2. To study larval forms of crustacean, Molluscan and echinoderm from permanent slides.
  • CO3. To study permanent slides on the stages of development of frog.
  • CO 4. Preparation of permanent slides of larval forms of non-chordates.
  • CO 5. Study of metamorphosis in Amphibia by models/charts.
  • CO 6. Estimation of dissolved oxygen in water samples.
  • CO 7. Estimation of dissolved carbon-dioxide in water samples.
  • CO 8. Estimation of total alkalinity in water samples.
  • CO 9. Qualitative study of plankton from fresh water samples.
  • CO 10. To study the life cycle of silk moth.
  • CO 11. Study of different castes of honey bee.
  • CO 12. Identification of Indian major carps and Common exotic carps.
V ZOO 5 A
  • CO 1. To study locomotion and nutrition of protozoa, Canal and skeletal systems in Porifera, Polymorphism in Siphonophora, Corals and coral reefs, Morphological and physiological adaptations of parasitic helminthes and Excretory system in Annelida.
  • CO 2. General organisation and affinities of Onychophora, Types of mouth parts and feeding in insects, Vision in Arthropoda, Torsion and detorsion in Gastropoda, Comparative Study of water vascular system in Echinodermata.
  • CO 3. Study on Affinities of Balanoglossus (Hemichordata) and Amphioxus (Protochordata), Retrogressive metamorphosis in Ascidia, Comparative study of Petromyzon and Myxine (Agnatha), Scales and fins in fishes, Accessory respiratory organs (Pisces), Migration in fishes, General characters and affinities of Dipnoi.
  • CO 4. Study on Parental care of Amphibian, Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes, Poison apparatus and mechanism of biting (Reptilia), Flight adaptation and migration in birds (Aves), Affinities of Monotremata and Marsupial, Dentition in mammals, Study of comparative anatomy of kidney in vertebrates.
  • CO 5. Study of concepts and Zoogeographic realms, Patterns and regulation of behaviour by genetic and hormonal, Colouration and mimicry, Adaptation of Vertebrates in Aquatic, desert, arboreal, cursorial and deep sea.
ZOO 5 B
  • CO 1. To dissect and study the nervous system in prawn/earthworm.
  • CO 2. To dissect and study the accessory respiratory organs in teleost fish.
  • CO 3. To dissect and study the digestive system in Clarias.
  • CO 4. To dissect and study the reproductive system in Clarias.
  • CO 5. Permanent mounting of Cyclops on slides.
  • CO 6. Permanent mounting of setae of earthworm on slides.
  • CO 7. Permanent mounting of Spicules of Sponge on slides.
  • CO 8. Permanent mounting of Cycloid, Ctenoid and placoid scales of fishes on slides.
  • CO 9. Permanent mounting of filoplumes, down feathers, barbs and barbules of birds on slides.
  • CO 10. Study of permanent slides of T/S of stomach, intestine, liver, kidney, spleen, gonads of Pisces/Aves/mammals.
  • CO 11. Study of permanent slides (whole mount) of Representatives from Protozoa to Echinodermata.
  • CO 12. Adaptive modifications of beak and feet in birds using charts and models.
VI ZOO 6 A
  • CO 1. Genome organisation in bacteria, virus and eukaryotes; Central dogma of molecular biology; DNA replication in prokaryotes; Transcription and translation in prokaryotes; Genetic code, Regulation of Gene expression in Prokaryotes; lac operon.
  • CO 2. Fine structure of gene: Cistron, recon and muton; Split genes and overlapping genes; Transposons; Gene mutation. Types and mutagenic agents; DNA damage and repair; Detection of Mutation in Drosophila (Muller’s CLB method).
  • CO 3. Extra-nuclear inheritance; Kappa particles in Paramecium, Sex-linked inheritance in Drosophila (eye colour) and man (Colour-blindness); Dosage compensation and Lyon’s hypothesis; Non-disjunction of sex-chromosomes in Drosphila; Human karyotype; Sex determination in man; Genetic disorders in man- Down’s Syndrome, Turner’s Syndrome and Klinefelter’s syndromes; Phenylketonurea, Hemophilia.
  • CO 4. Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Characteristics and functions of antigens and antibodies; Antigen-antibody interaction; Major histo-compatibility complex; Introduction to cytokines.
  • CO 5. Principals and applications of biological techniques; Light and Electron Microscopy; Centrifugation; Chromatography (Paper, gel filtration and ion-exchange).
ZOO 6 B
  • CO 1. Seperation and identification of amino acids by paper chromatography.
  • CO 2. Demonstration of antigen-antibody interaction in vitro; Single radial immune-diffusion in agarose gel.
  • CO 3. Study of nucleic acids from models/charts.
  • CO 4. Calorimetric estimation of DNA and RNA.
  • CO 5. Preparation and identification of Meiotic stages from Grasshopper testis.
  • CO 6. Karyo-typing of normal human chromosomal complement from supplied photographic plates.
  • CO 7. Karyo-typing of normal human chromosomal complement of Down’s, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndrome from supplied photographic plates.
  • CO 9. Demonstration of electrophoretic separation of DNA/ proteins.
  ZOO 7 A
  • CO 1. Chemical foundations of physiology; concept of normal, molar and molal solutions; Acids, bases, pH and buffer; diffusion and osmotic pressure. Enzyme kinetic: Michaelis-Menten equation and its relation enzyme activity; Significance of Km and Vmax; Enzyme inhibition (Reversible and irreversible).
  • CO 2. Carbohydrates: Linear and ring forms of monosaccharides (Pentose and Hexose); Polysaccharides (Starch, glycogen and hyaluronic acid); Glycogenesis and glycogenolysis; Electron transport system and oxidative phosphorylation; Amino acids, peptides and proteins; levels of organisation, transamination, deamination and urea cycle.
  • CO 3. Structure and functions of haemoglobin; Blood coagulation, Coagulation factors and mechanism; Cardiac cycle, blood pressure and its regulation, Mechanism of gaseous exchange through gills and lungs, osmoregulation in fish.
  • CO 4. Neurosecretory cells; Types of neurohormones; endocrine and paracrine hormones; placental hormones; hormones of gastrointestinal tract; pheromones, Biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, mechanism of hormone action, protein/peptide and steroid hormones.
  • CO 5.Reproductive cycle in mammals; Hormonal regulations of gametogenesis in humans; In vitro-fertilisation, embryo transfer technology; pregnancy hormones; contraceptive methods.
  ZOO 7 B
  • CO 1. To study WBC count in human blood.
  • CO 2. To study RBC count in human blood.
  • CO 3. Estimation of Glucose by calorimetric method.
  • CO 4. Estimation of protein by calorimetric method.
  • CO 5. Estimation of haemoglobin in human blood.
  • CO 6. Study of human salivary amylase activity in relation to temperature.
  • CO 7. Dissection and display of pituitary and gonads in a teleost.
  • CO 8. Study of endocrine glands in albino mouse/rat from charts/models.
  • CO 9. To prepare histological slides of vertebrate tissues and adrenal glands.
  ZOO 8 A
  • CO 1. Patterns of cleavage; Morphogenetic movements; embryonic induction and concept of organiser; Gastrulation in chick.
  • CO 2. Foetal membranes and types of placenta in mammals; Organogenesis of vertebrate eye; Regeneration in invertebrates and vertebrates; Teratogenesis and developmental birth defects; concepts of ageing.
  • CO 3. Salient features of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems; Liebig’s law of limiting factors and Shelford’s law of tolerance; Bio-geographical cycles; Ecological succession, Major biomes.
  • CO 4. Environmental concerns; radioactive pollution; biological indicators; Biomagnification; ozone depletion; green house effect; global warming and acid rains. Wildlife conservation in situ and ex situ.
  • CO 5. Introduction to genetic engineering; introduction to host cells; particle gun; southern blotting; PCR; DNA finger printing; Genomic library and cDNA LIBRARY; application of rDNA technology ; Ethical Issues and Bio-safty Regulations.
  ZOO 8B
  • CO 1. To prepare permanent slides and study the developmental stages of chick’s embryo.
  • CO 2. To study regeneration of hydra/planaria.
  • CO 3. Study of developmental stages of chick’s embryo from permanent slides.
  • CO 4. Community analysis.
  • CO 5. Quantitative analysis of aquatic communities from different water bodies.
  • CO 6. Quantitative estimation of planktons.
  • CO 7. Analysis of community similarities and species diversity indices.
  • CO 8. To undertake field study and to write field report.

Programme Specific Outcome

  1. Students can use the study method for Identification, classification and characterization of animals from non-chordates to higher vertebrates.
  2. Students learn the knowledge of various physiological changes in animals and man.
  3. Learn the possible effect of environmental pollutions on man and animals. 
  4. Students gain knowledge on various genetic abnormalities, causes and precautions.
  5. Students learn the importance and their role on environmental conservation.
  6. Learn the life cycles and pathogenecity of parasites on human health.
  7. To learn the methodology and processes involved in Genetic engineering which will enable them to pursue further research in the field.
  8. Tools of Bio-technology related to zoology to enhance higher studies. 
  9. Students study pest management which can be applied in the field of agriculture, wildlife, sericulture, pisciculture, horticulture, etc.
  10. Investigation in the form of oral (Viva) examination done in practical examinations to learn the progress of the student.
  11. Students can study M. Sc in Bio-chemistry, Zoology, Anthropology, wildlife, Bio-technology, Sericulture, etc and can become quality teachers in the field of education.
Back To Previous Page | Page last updated date: 03-09-2019

NAAC

The college has a duly appointed IQAC and NAAC steering Committee working tirelessly to get Accreditation from NAAC in the next few years. IQAC headed by Dr. Meena A Sangma is embarked on a path of Quality Initiatives, Quality Sustenance and Quality Enhancement in the college. The college is affiliated to North Eastern Hill University, Shillong since 1958 and is recognized under sections 2(f) and 12(B) of the UGC Act 1956. The NAAC steering Committee created for this purpose and the various Convenors of the different criterion are working hard to prepare the Self-Study Report (SSR) of the institution and submit to NAAC office Bangalore for assessment and accreditation.